Reopening Businesses and Resuming Operations

Information and Resources to Aid in the Safe, Successful, and Sustainable Reopening of the Economy

As businesses prepare to reopen in the wake of the COVID-19 pandemic, there are a number of issues and considerations they might consider taking into account in order to ensure workplace safety and to protect the health of employees. ASLRRA has gathered information from a number of sources that companies may use in developing reopening policies and protocols as they bring employees back to the workplace. The resources, links, and articles posted on this page are recommended reading for anyone involved in developing a company’s plan and protocols for reopening offices, warehouses, and work sites.

Phased Reopening

According to the White House’s official guidelines on reopening, certain “gating criteria” must be met before proceeding with reopening, including a downward trajectory in symptoms and cases and hospitals having the ability and capacity to treat patients and test front-line workers. While there currently is no single agreed upon course, there appears to be consensus among federal, state, and local authorities that the reopening will most likely occur in phases, with state and local authorities having the greatest influence over when and how businesses within their jurisdiction may resume operations. Companies should consider keeping track of state and local executive actions and reopening plans and follow state and local guidance (view a list of industry state-by-state and local resources and COVID-19 restrictions), as well as complementary CDC guidance, on reopening procedures.

Timing and Considerations

As stay-at-home orders are relaxed and businesses prepare to bring people back into the workplace, employers will need to consider assessing the availability and condition of essential services and resources, including:

  • General health screenings
  • COVID-19 testing and antibody testing
  • Contact-tracing apps
  • Personal protective equipment (PPE)
  • Transportation
  • Childcare

Workplace Safety and Employee Health

While there is no company rulebook for a pandemic, both the U.S. Centers for Disease Control (CDC) and OSHA have issued several sets of recommendations (see links below) for dealing with Covid-19 in recent weeks that can aid businesses in developing reopening protocols, including the CDC’s Top Tips to Protect Employees’ Health and OSHA’s Ten Steps All Workplaces Can Take to Reduce Risk of Exposure to Coronavirus.

Companies may look to what others have done to adapt workplaces as economies reopen, for ideas that they can implement. A recent article in the Wall Street Journal pointed to companies taking cues from what has worked in China, where efforts to reopen are ahead of other parts of the globe because the country has been dealing with the virus outbreak longer.  Examples include temperature checkpoints and employee-health screenings; factory shift workers wearing masks and rubber gloves; and companies closing break rooms to prevent employees from congregating in one spot. The same article includes a CDC official’s recommendation that employers should prioritize keeping employees separated to avoid the spread of Covid-19 and if that isn’t possible the employer should determine what protective equipment workers need and provide it.

Ensure Compliance with Relevant Guidelines

Finally, companies will need to consider proceeding carefully as they implement new protocols and procedures to adhere to established general and COVID-specific EEOC and OSHA guidelines.

As stated above and outlined in law firm Baker McKenzie’s The Reopening Playbook: What US Employers Should Be Thinking About Right Now, employers should consider staying up to date on guidance from the CDC, OSHA, and the EEOC, as well as state and local authorities. The Baker McKenzie playbook provides additional guidance related to testing & health screening, managing employee concerns, and workforce communications (the firm recently conducted a webinar to provide guidance to employers on these issues, now available as a recording on their website). Bloomberg Law also addresses many of these issues in INSIGHT: Reopening the Workplace - A Preliminary Guide for Employers, in which the authors advise that employers who proactively plan for the challenges ahead will be best positioned to adapt to the “new normal.”


Reopening America: Returning to the Workplace Safely

Originally Broadcast on: 8/04/2020

Presented by: Dr. Kevin H. Dunn, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) and Dr. Timothy McCormick, President, Transportation Occupational Medical Consultants (TOMC) Download PDF Presentation


Provided below are several sample documents that railroads and employers may consider adapting for use in their own facilities and offices as they reopen workplaces:


Provided below are posters from the Centers for Disease Control and other trusted scientific resources that employers may choose to use in the workplace.

  1. Avoid Complacency – COVID 19
  2. Maintaining a Healthy and Safe Work Environment
  3. How to Protect Yourself and Others
  4. Please Wear a Cloth Face Covering
  5. How to Safely Wear and Take Off a Cloth Face Covering
  6. Stop the Spread of Germs
  7. How to Remove Gloves
  8. Together We Can Stop the Spread
  9. Keep COVID-19 Away
  10. Wear a Mask - Save a Life

The following are some steps employers may take to use these materials most effectively in the workplace:

  • Post messages on electronic bulletin boards and/or regular bulletin boards in break rooms or near entrances and exits
  • Discuss messages at staff meetings to educate and reinforce expectations
  • Communicate with leadership and ask for their support
  • Discuss and reinforce messages when performing job safety briefings with train, mechanical and engineering employees and contractors
  • Model healthy practices such as washing hands, using face coverings, and maintaining social distance

Summarized below are some guidelines and workplace adaptations businesses can consider, gathered from a range of sources linked on this page:


  • Change floor plans, rerouting workers through separate entrances and exits, and staggering shifts to limit interaction
  • Provide employees with cleaning supplies to sanitize individual work spaces before and after use
  • Establish social distancing protocols and use technology such as zoom meetings for workplace collaboration
  • Provide PPE to employees unable to maintain social distancing due to job requirements
  • Implement split shifts or alternate in-office and telework days
  • Establish liberal telework policies for workers whose jobs can be performed remotely
  • Enhance common area cleaning protocols
  • Close kitchens and break areas or limit number of occupants; remove common appliances such as microwaves, spread out seating
  • Install motion sensor faucets at wash basins
  • Replace doorknobs with forearm-operated hooks or foot pedals
  • Place colorful stickers next to often-touched areas such as light switches and elevator buttons, to heighten awareness
  • Post/distribute CDC and OSHA tips for keeping employees healthy in the workplace


  • Stay home if feeling sick
  • Take temperature before arriving and review symptom checklist
  • Submit to health screenings (temperature scans) at entrances
  • Wear face masks and other protective gear on the job
  • Avoid using other workers' phones, desks, or other work tools and equipment

Recent Articles 

Additional Resources

National Association of Manufacturers (NAM)

To strengthen the nation’s response to COVID-19 and ensure manufacturers are poised to lead the recovery and renewal of the American economy, the National Association of Manufacturers released the “American Renewal Action Plan.”

U.S. Chamber of Commerce

As public health authorities across the United States begin to control the spread of COVID-19, the country is bracing for a phased and gradual reopening of the economy that requires planning and novel support. Path Forward, a new program from the U.S. Chamber Foundation, is designed to help business and community leaders find the answers they need to develop a responsible reopening strategy. Each episode features conversations between the U.S. Chamber of Commerce President Suzanne Clark and experts with practical recommendations for businesses of all sizes. Learn more about how you can join live sessions or view recordings.

National Governors Association (NGA)

Roadmap to Recovery: A Public Health Guide for Governors. Part II, Creating and Executing a Plan to Gradually Reopen the Economy; Step 9, Build Partnerships Between Public and Private Sectors to Implement the Plan; Key Operational Considerations, Page 25; How Can States Help Businesses Reopen Safely?

White House Coronavirus Task Force

Opening Up America Again, Phase Guidelines: Responsibilities of Individuals and Employers.

Lear Corporation

Safe Work Playbook: An Interactive Guide for COVID-19 Pandemic Preparedness and Response.

Madrona Collaborative

This website provides a downloadable toolkit and sample materials that companies may find useful in developing a reopening plan and protocols.

CDC Guidance on Vaccinated Individuals

As of March 8, 2021, the CDC has issued updated guidance on interactions with and between vaccinated individuals. Broadly, the CDC recommended that fully vaccinated people can meet freely in private settings with other fully vaccinated people, but that several restrictions remain, including advising against travel and recommending mask wearing in public. Click here to read the latest guidance.